The Provence region in the south of France has a more limited and less well-preserved number of megalithic remains than the Languedoc.The dolmen or tombs are of the passage (couloir) type with a rectangular chamber, oriented usually north-south. The passage always opens to the west and is covered by a tumulus of 10-12 m. diameter with a covering of small stones. The ruined dolmens nowadays have lost the huge covering stones over the passage and chamber.The first dolmen date from about 2500 BC, and probably have been re-used as burial sites into the Iron Age.
Special are the gigantic enceintes or fortified camps that date from about 1500 BC till the Roman period. The newest theories surprisingly state that these camps were not used as a defensive, or only in a symbolical way.